In September 2017, the National Academies of Sciences (NAS) ( was tasked with developing a research agenda for utilization of gaseous carbon waste streams to identify advances that could enable much more extensive carbon utilization.  Susteon President, Dr. Raghubir Gupta, was selected as one of the 14 committee members for his extensive expertise in carbon capture, carbon utilization, energy conversion, process scale-up and integration, techno-economic analysis, and technology commercialization.  Based on scientific deliberations by the committee, the NAS today released a pre-publication copy of this report, which can be downloaded by clicking the link below.

This report addresses principal challenges associated with commercializing carbon utilization technologies. The report also identifies improvements needed in tools used for evaluating the economic and environmental attributes of carbon utilization technologies. Because an overarching goal of carbon utilization is to curb the accumulation of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere, the study focuses on technologies that have the potential to utilize gaseous carbon waste with a net reduction in greenhouse gas emissions. The report assumes that large volumes of gaseous carbon waste, especially carbon dioxide, will continue to be generated in the coming decades through continued use of fossil fuels.